Orthodontics is a speciality of dentistry that deals with the diagnosis, prevention and correction of malpositioned teeth and jaws . An orthodontist can carry out work that aims to achieve closing wide gaps between the teeth, straightening crooked teeth ,improving speech or chewing ability or treating an improper bite . Treatment can improve the appearance of face and also lead to better chewing and speech function.
These are made of high quality stainless steel or titanium and are the least expensive type.
These are the same as traditional metal braces , except that the brackets and wires are placed on the inside of the teeth .They are invisible from outside.
Ceramic braces are the same size and shape as metal braces ,except that they have tooth colored or clear brackets that blend in to teeth .these are more expensive than metal braces.
Clear aligner or invisalign consists of a series of 18-30 custom-made ,mouth guard like clear plastic aligners. The aligners are removable and are replaced every 2 weeks .they are very expensive type of orthodontic treatment.
If a child loses a baby tooth , a space maintainer will stop the two teeth at the either side of the spaces from moving into it until the adulthood comes through . They can be of fixed or removable types.
A strap around the back of the head is attached to a metal wire in the front or facebow. The aim is to slow down upper jaw growth and keeping the back teeth in position while the front ones are pulled back.
This is made to relieve the pressure of cheeks or lips on the teeth.
This appliance is designed to make the arch of the upper jaw wider and consists of a acrylic plate with screws that is placed on the palate .
It is used after the fixed orthodontic treatment to stop the teeth from moving back to their original positions .it is made of metal and acrylic , where the acrylic fits in the roof of the mouth and the wire surrounds anterior teeth.
It is made up of clear plastic and fits over the teeth. This is also used after the fixed orthodontic treatment to stop the teeth from moving back to their original positions.
They are placed in the upper and lower jaw and help to close the jaw properly. They are commonly used for temporomandibular joint disorders.
This is designed to stop habits like thumb sucking or tongue thrusting and to ensure proper eruption of the front teeth.
These are simple bite blocks that are designed for full time wear. It helps to advance mandible and correct a class 2 malocclusion.
It is a myofunctional appliance used to stop habits such as mouth breathing.